What Is Uveitis?

Feline uveitis, or intraocular inflammation in cats, has previously been discussed in our newsletter.  Uveitis is a form of ocular inflammation which affects the uvea or pigmented layers of the inside of the eye and is also a very common diagnosis...

What Is Hyphema?

While the eye can appear red due to inflammation of the conjunctiva and tissues surrounding the eye, bleeding can occur within the eye. When red blood cells are present inside of the front portion of the eye (anterior chamber), a diagnosis of hyphema is...

What is Exophthalmos?

Exophthalmos is the term used for a forward deviation of the eye out of the boney orbit. The most common causes of exophthalmos will affect one rather than both eyes, although there are a few conditions which can affect both eyes. There are many st...

Case: Josie, a 10-year-old female small breed dog, first presented to The Animal Eye institute 6 years ago for evaluation of a cataract in her right eye, and an overall smaller than normal size to her right eye (microphthalmia). Josie was started on an anti-inflammator...

While ophthalmologists are known to take care of your dog or cat’s eye health, they would all agree that the eyelids are also extremely important! Eyelids and the conjunctiva lining the eyelids play a major role in corneal and globe health. As the eyelids are covered i...

What is the lens?

The lens is the structure in the eye that focuses light onto the retina, which senses and converts light into electrical signals sent to the brain to create an image. The lens is comprised of three main structures: the lens capsule (membrane that encas...

What is entropion?

Entropion, or inward rolling of the eyelids, is a common abnormality of the eyelids in many species, especially dogs. It can affect one to all four of the eyelids, but in most cases, both eyes are affected. The inward rolling of the eyelids causes t...

What is glaucoma and how does it develop?

Glaucoma is a group of diseases that results in increased intraocular pressure (IOP). Increased IOP is painful and causes damage to the retina and optic nerve, which can lead to irreversible blindness. It is a leading cause of b...

What is a “cherry eye”?

Most pets have an “extra” or third eyelid that lies between the lower eyelid and the portion of the eyeball closest to the nose. This third eyelid, or nictitans, contains a tear gland that produces about 30-40% of the tear film, and when this gla...

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